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Passover / Pesach

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Passover / Pesach

פסח

Passover is a beautiful and wonderful time of year. The moed teaches us about freedom from bondage, salvation, redemption, and YaHuWaH’s great love for His people. It is sometimes referred to as “the time of our joy” or “the time of life“.

As we examine what Scripture says about this special day, we find some specific commandments regarding the original event in Egypt and find other commandments regarding the annual remembrance of the event.

In addition to the commanded and traditional elements of Passover we should never forget Who Passover was given to picture: Yahusha, the Messiah of Yisra’El. We should always remember that “Yahusha our Passover also has been sacrificed.” (1 Corinthians 5:7).

What Scripture Says About Passover

The First Passover

Who: All the congregation of Yisra’El. (Exodus 12:3)

The Hebrew word translated as “congregation” is עדה, (edah- Strong’s #5712) literally means “assembly” or “congregation”. This passage (Exodus 12:3) is the very first time in Scripture that the word is used. References to Yisra’El as a group are normally given as “the children [benei] of Yisra’El”. Why is edah used instead of benei? Perhaps because it wasn’t just “the Jews” that YaHuWaH brought out of Egypt. There was a mixed multitude that came out of Egypt with children of Yisra’El (see Exodus 12:38) and it was this entire group that comprised the “congregation” or edah.

What:

The day was given as a memorial of their exodus (Exodus 12:14)… even before they had left!

On the tenth day of the first month each member of the congregation of Yisra’El was to take a lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a lamb for each household. (Exodus 12:3)

The lamb was to be an unblemished male a year old from among the sheep or goats (Exodus 12:5)

The lamb was to be kept until the fourteenth day of the first month and then killed at “twilight” (Exodus 12:6). The word translated as “twilight” is ערב (erev- Strong’s #6153).

Some of the blood of the lamb was to be taken and placed upon the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where the lamb was eaten (Exodus 12:7).

The flesh of the lamb should be eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Exodus 12:8).

The flesh of the lamb should be roasted with fire (not boiled or raw) along with its head, its legs, and entrails and eaten that night (Exodus 12:9).

The flesh of the lamb should not be left over until morning but if it is then it should be burned with fire (Exodus 12:10).

The lamb should be eaten with their “loins girded”, sandals on their feet, and their staff in their hands. It was to be eaten in haste. It was YaHuWaH’s Pesach (Exodus 12:11).

Pesach is to be celebrated as a “feast” (Hebrew: חג, chag, Strongs #2282) to YaHuWaH throughout their generations as a permanent ordinance (chukat olam) (Exodus 12:14).

The blood should be applied with a “bunch of hyssop” dipped in the blood which is caught in a basin (Exodus 12:22).

No one should go outside the door of his house until morning (Exodus 12:22).

Passover is to be observed as an ordinance for those who were present and their descendants forever (Exodus 12:24).

Passover is to be observed also once the Yisraelites enter the Land (Exodus 12:25).

No foreigner (בּן נכר, ben nekar) is to eat of the Passover meal (Exodus 12:43) but every man’s slave, after he is circumcised, may eat of it (Exodus 12:44).

A sojourner (תּושׁב, toshav [literally a foreign resident]) or a hired servant (שׂכיר, sakir) shall not eat of the Passover meal (Exodus 12:34).

All the congregation (edah) of Yisra’El are to celebrate the Passover (Exodus 12:47).

If a stranger (גּר, ger [literally a stranger or resident alien]) resides with the Yisraelites and celebrates the Passover to YaHuWaH then all his males should be circumcised and afterwards he can come near to celebrate Passover and he shall be like the native of the land (Exodus 12:48).

No uncircumcised person may eat of the Passover meal (Exodus 12:48).

The blood on the doorposts was to be a sign for the congregation of Yisra’El on the houses where they lived. When YaHuWaH saw the blood, He “passed over” those houses and did not slay the first born as He did the Egyptians.

When:

Passover is a single day: the fourteenth day of the first month.

The events of this moed were to be performed at twilight. They could not have been performed after dark because then it would have been the fifteenth of the first month. There is also the concern of properly slaughtering the lamb in the dark.

The first month is sometimes called Nisan (e.g. Nehemiah 2:1, Esther 3:7) or Abib (e.g. Exodus 13:4, Deuteronomy 16:1, Ezekiel 3:15) in Scripture.

Although traditionally referenced as “eight days”, Passover, itself, is only one day. The other seven days are actually the week of unleavened bread.

Where:

Egypt.

The original Passover occurred while the Yisraelites were still in the land of Egypt.

The Annual Remembrance of Passover

After the first Passover in Egypt, the Yisraelites were commanded to have an annual remembrance of their exodus from Egypt. Here are the Scriptural requirements for that event:

Who:

Yisra’El, their slaves, and circumcised strangers.

The children (or sons) of Yisra’El are given this commandment (Leviticus 23:2).

A person who is unclean could not observe Passover (Numbers 9:6).

No foreigner (בּן נכר, ben nekar) is to eat of the Passover meal (Exodus 12:43) but every man’s slave, after he is circumcised, may eat of it (Exodus 12:44).

A sojourner (תּושׁב, toshav [literally a foreign resident]) or a hired servant (שׂכיר, sakir) shall not eat of the Passover meal (Exodus 12:45).

All the congregation (edah) of Yisra’El are to celebrate Passover (Exodus 12:47).

If a stranger (גּר, ger [literally a stranger or resident alien]) resides with the Yisraelites and celebrates Passover to YaHuWaH then all his males should be circumcised and afterwards he can come near to celebrate Passover and he shall be like the native of the land (Exodus 12:48).

What:

Passover is to be celebrated as a “feast” (Hebrew: חג, chag, Strong’s #2282) to YaHuWaH throughout their generations as a permanent ordinance (chukat olam) (Exodus 12:14).

Passover is to be observed as an ordinance for those who were present and their descendants forever (Exodus 12:24).

Passover is to be observed also once the Yisraelites enter the Land (Exodus 12:25).

When the descendants of the congregation of Yisra’El ask their parents “What does this rite [Hebrew: avodah, literally “service”] mean to you?” the answer they should be given is “It is a Passover sacrifice to YaHuWaH who passed over the houses of the sons of Yisra’El in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but spared our homes.” (Exodus 12:26-27)

No foreigner (בּן נכר, ben nekar) is to eat of the Passover meal (Exodus 12:43) but every man’s slave, after he is circumcised, may eat of it (Exodus 12:44).

A sojourner (תּושׁב, toshav [literally a foreign resident]) or a hired servant (שׂכיר, sakir) shall not eat of the Passover meal (Exodus 12:45).

The Passover sacrifice should not be offered with leavened bread (Exodus 34:25).

The Passover sacrifice should not be left over until morning (Exodus 34:25).

A person who is unclean could not observe Passover (Numbers 9:6).

A second Passover was instituted to allow those who were unclean or away on a journey during Passover to enable them to observe the commandments. It was to occur on the fourteenth day of the second month at twilight (Numbers 9:10-11).

None of the bones of the Passover lamb should be broken (Numbers 9:12).

The person who is clean and is not on a journey and neglects to observe the Passover shall be cut off from his people (Numbers 9:13).

The Passover sacrifice should be from the flock or the herd (Deuteronomy 16:2).

Once the Yisraelites entered the Land they were to sacrifice the Passover “in the place where YaHuWaH chooses to establish His Name” (Deuteronomy 16:2)… i.e. the Temple in Jerusalem.

The Yisraelites were not allowed to sacrifice the Passover lamb in any of their towns (Deuteronomy 16:5).

The Passover sacrifice was to be cooked and eaten in the place YaHuWaH chose (Deuteronomy 16:7).

In the morning after Passover the Yisraelites were to return to their tents (Deuteronomy 16:7).

The Yisraelites are to remember that they were slaves in Egypt and they are to be careful to observe these statutes (Deuteronomy 16:12).

When:

The fourteenth day of the first month at twilight (Leviticus 23:5).

Deuteronomy 16:6 specifies the Passover sacrifice shall be in the evening (erev) at sunset (Hebrew: כבוא השׁמשׁ, kevo hashemesh, literally “going of the sun”).

Where:

In the Land or outside the Land.

The Yisraelites observed the Passover for 40 years as they wandered in the wilderness and also once they had entered into the Land. The moed is not specific to the Land.

Once the Yisraelites entered the Land they were to sacrifice the Passover lamb “in the place where YaHuWaH chooses to establish His Name” (Deuteronomy 16:2)… i.e. the Temple in Jerusalem (see 2 Kings 23:23).

The Yisraelites were not allowed to sacrifice the Passover lamb in any of their towns (Deuteronomy 16:5).

The Passover sacrifice was to be cooked and eaten in the place YaHuWaH chose (Deuteronomy 16:7).

In the morning after Passover the Yisraelites were to return to their tents (Deuteronomy 16:7).

There are two reasons the children of Yisra’El went to Jerusalem at the time of Passover:

The Yisraelites were not allowed to sacrifice the Passover lamb in any of their towns (Deuteronomy 16:5) and the sacrifice was to be cooked and eaten in the place YaHuWaH chose (Deuteronomy 16:7), i.e. the Temple in Jerusalem.

The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag Hamatzot) occurred the day after Passover and all the males of Yisra’El were to appear before YaHuWaH in Jerusalem.

Other Observations

Pictures

Passover is a picture of the physical salvation of the Yisraelites from YaHuWaH’s wrath during the death of the firstborn in Egypt. It is the blood of the lamb that turned away YaHuWaH’s wrath. Note that the blood was not placed on the Yisraelites themselves but on the doorposts of their homes. Passover is also a picture of the spiritual salvation of believers from YaHuWaH’s wrath during the time of judgment. It is the blood of the Lamb (Messiah Yahusha) that turns away YaHuWaH’s wrath. The day of Passover is not the Exodus from Egypt. The Exodus occurred on the following day after the death of the firstborn. Passover does not symbolize redemption… only salvation. Just as the Yisraelites were spared from death while they were still in bondage in Egypt, so too, are believers spared from death while we are still in bondage to sin:  “… while we were yet sinners, Messiah died for us.” (Romans 5:8).

Plagues mirrored in Revelation

The plagues in the book of Revelation mirror the plagues of the Exodus so we can see the connection between YaHuWaH’s judgment during the Exodus and YaHuWaH’s judgment during the end times.

Sabbath

Unlike the other moedim, Passover is not a rest day or a Sabbath.

Passover is never explicitly described as “holy”. In fact, the word “holy” is only mentioned in 2 of the 5 chapters where Passover is referenced. Only in Exodus 12 is the Hebrew word for holy [qodesh] used (in reference to the week of unleavened bread) and in Leviticus 23 qodesh is used (in reference to the various “holy convocations”). In Exodus 34, Numbers 9, and Deuteronomy 16 “holy” is never used. Passover is implicitly described as “holy” in Leviticus 23 when G-d says

Speak to the sons of Yisra’El and say to them, ‘YaHuWaH’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations–My appointed times are these… (Leviticus 23:2)

Sacrifice

Since the Temple in Jerusalem (the place where YaHuWaH chose to place His Name) was destroyed in 70 AD, an actual Passover lamb has not been offered since that time in order to conform to the commandments of Deuteronomy 16:5, 7 specifically forbidding such a sacrifice.

Finding Messiah in Passover

The Lamb of YaHuWaH

According to John 1:29, Messiah Yahusha is the Lamb of YaHuWaH who takes away the sins of the world.  Revelation 7:14 declares that our robes have been washed white by the blood of the Lamb.

Every year, the Passover lamb was to be selected on the tenth day of the Hebrew month of Abib.  On that very day Messiah entered Jerusalem in his “Triumphal Entry” as the spotless Lamb of YaHuWaH.

Just as the Passover lamb was examined for four days before the sacrifice on the fourteenth of the month, so, too, Messiah was examined and questioned by the Scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees, and the Herodians during those four days.

Just like the Passover lamb was not to have a single bone broken (Numbers 9:12), Messiah did not have any of His bones broken during his beating or impalement (John 19:33, 36).

Removing Sin? Not This Lamb!

Paul tells us in 1 Corinthians 5:7 that Yahusha was our Passover, however, in the Levitical sacrifices, what type of sin does the Passover lamb serve to remove?

None.

The Passover lamb was purely a sacrifice to remember YaHuWaH’s redemption of Yisra’El from bondage in Egypt and His taking of Yisra’El as a nation to be His own treasured possession. As our Passover, so too Yahusha reflects Yisra’El’s redemption from their bondage to sin (Ephesians 1:7, Hebrews 9:12).

The blood of the Passover lamb in Egypt was used to mark those who belonged to YaHuWaH and keep them safe from YaHuWaH’s wrath. So, too, as our Passover, Yahusha’s blood covers us and keeps us safe from YaHuWaH’s wrath (Romans 5:9).

Keep the Feast!

Paul exhorts the believers in Corinth to “celebrate the feast”, skip the leaven, and instead have the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.  (1 Corinthians 5:8)

Rather than turning away from the appointed times of YaHuWaH, we find Paul affirming the Passover to the believers in Asia Minor.  And this is after the death, burial, resurrection, and ascension of the Messiah.

He has indeed become our Yahusha—our deliverance—and as we celebrate the Passover meal, we reflect on the life and work of our Passover Lamb.

There are a lot of traditions that have been handed down from generation to generation on how to observe Passover.  The instructions are pretty simple and not burdensome at all.  The meal itself has only the lamb, bitter herbs and unleavened bread that are commanded in scripture.  There is no such thing as a seder plate and four cups of wine!

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The Seder Plate

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The Four Cups of Wine

This is a tradition and not scriptural in any way!

 

 

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Author:

We are a husband and wife in covenant with ABBA YaHuWaH. Together we are taking the truth of Scripture to the Nations through our personal studies of the Paleo Aleph Bet and how that applies to scripture for our lives. It is our earnest prayer that you take whatever you want to from this site and study it out for yourselves. We have inherited LIES from our fathers and the translations of today are riddled with error and watered down doctrine from men each trying to sell their agenda of their denomination. It is time for the houses of Ephraim and Yahudah to wake up and unite. `•.¸ ☆ Shalom Aleichem !!!´¯`•.¸☆¸.• ´¯`•.¸☆ “GIVE EAR, O heavens, and I [Moses] will speak; and let the earth hear the words of my mouth. My message shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distill as the dew, as the light rain upon the tender grass, and as the showers upon the herb. For I will proclaim the name [and presence] of YaHuWaH. Concede and ascribe greatness to our Elohim. He is the Rock, His work is perfect, for all His ways are law and justice. A Elohim of faithfulness without breach or deviation, just and right is He.” ‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭32:1-4‬ Abba YaHuWaH is calling His people from the four corners of the earth to return to Him.

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